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Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

5 edition of Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Infections found in the catalog.

Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Infections

by Mohamed A. Karmali

  • 170 Want to read
  • 3 Currently reading

Published by Elsevier Science Pub Co .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsAntonio G. Goglio (Editor)
The Physical Object
Number of Pages406
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7532269M
ISBN 100444818405
ISBN 109780444818409

  Increasing antimicrobial resistance in strains of Escherichia coli is having a major impact on the healthcare industry worldwide. The appearance of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) strains has caused clinicians to worry that these strains might become as deadly as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Verocytotoxin (VT)-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC), also known as Shiga toxin producing E. coli (STEC), are zoonotic agents, which cause a potentially fatal illness whose clinical spectrum includes diarrhoea, haemorrhagic colitis, and the haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS). VTEC are of serious public health concern because of their association with large outbreaks and with HUS, which is the.

Patricia M. Griffin, et al., Large Outbreak of Escherichia coli OH7 Infections in the Western United States: The Big Picture, in RECENT ADVANCES IN VEROCYTOTOXIN-PRODUCING ESCHERICHIA COLI INFECTIONS, at 7 (M.A. Karmali & A. G. Goglio eds. ) (“The most probable number of E. coli OH7 was less than 20 organisms per gram.”). VEROCYTOTOXIN-PRODUCING E. COLI 17 developedthe twodifferent nomenclatures nowusedfor the E. coli cytotoxins VTand Shiga-like toxin (SLT). While the epidemiological studies on hemorrhagic colitis clearly established an association withE. coli H7, the potential significance of VT in this condition remained uncertain. In and , studies from Canada (80, 81).

  Recent advances in verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli infections, Elsevier Science, New York () 10 T.S. Whittam, et al. Genetic evidence of clonal descent of Escherichia coli H7 associated with hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Whether contracted through contaminated food or a trip to the petting zoo, disease-causing E. coli is a major human health threat Most Escherichia coli strains live harmlessly in the intestines of healthy humans and animals, but virulent strains—the enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) and certain Shiga toxin–producing E. coli (STEC)—cause life-threatening infections, with young children and.


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Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Infections by Mohamed A. Karmali Download PDF EPUB FB2

Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Infections: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium and Workshop on Verocytotoxin (International Congress Series) [Karmali, Mohamed A., Goglio, Antonio G.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Infections: Proceedings of. Escherichia coli - Recent Advances on Physiology, Pathogenesis and Biotechnological Applications. Edited by: Amidou Samie. ISBNeISBNPDF ISBNPublished Cited by: 1. Get this from a library. Recent advances in verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli infections: proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium and Workshop on Verocytotoxin (Shiga-like toxin)-producing Escherichia coli Infections, Bergamo, Italy, June [Mohamed A Karmali; Antonio G Goglio; Associazione microbiologi clinici italini.;].

In book: Escherichia coli - Recent Advances on Physiology, Pathogenesis and Biotechnological Applications. Escherichia coli OH7 and other Verocytotoxin-producing E.

coli (VTEC) are zoonotic pathogens associated with food and waterborne illness around the world.E. coli OH7 has been implicated in large outbreaks as well as in sporadic cases of haemorrhagic colitis and the sometimes fatal haemolytic uremic syndrome. VTs produced by these bacteria are thought to damage Cited by: Pai CH, Ahmed N, Lior H, Johnson WM, Sims HV, Woods DE.

Epidemiology of sporadic diarrhea due to verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli: a two-year prospective study. J Infect Dis. May; (5)– Pai CH, Gordon R, Sims HV, Bryan LE. Sporadic cases of hemorrhagic colitis associated with Escherichia coli OH7.

Verocytotxin producing Escherichia coli (VTEC), and in particular, strains of serogroup o, have emerged as significant pathogens causing a range of severe and potentially fatal illnesses.

The European Union has recognised the threat posed by E. Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Infections book OH7 and the need to devise control strategies based on an understanding of VTEC pathogenicity, transmission, survival and growth.

In recent years increased attention has been focused on infections caused by isolates of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) serotypes other than O These non-O VTEC isolates are commonly present in food and food production animals.

Abstract. Escherichia coli is a normal inhabitant of the healthy gut, but is also an important and widespread human and animal pathogen.E.

coli has been associated with human infections including diarrhea, urinary tract infections, and meningitis.E. coli are designated into pathogenic variants (pathovars, also known as pathotypes) based largely on molecular markers associated with specific.

Published researches on Escherichia coli (E. coli) have increased in number since the turn of the twentieth century.A search of E. coli publications in PubMed reveals an output value of(as of J ) which when narrowed to E.

coli in title only, the number is still substantial (96,). Majority of the E. coli publications are primary studies which when addressing the same. Griffin, Patricia M., et al., "Large Outbreak of Escherichia coli OH7 Infections in the Western United States: The Big Picture," in RECENT ADVANCES IN VEROCYTOTOXIN-PRODUCING ESCHERICHIA COLI INFECTIONS, at 7 (M.A.

Karmali & A. Goglio eds. Introduction. Escherichia coli OH2 occurs as verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC) carrying only vtx 1 or vtx 2 or both variants, but also as vtx-negative atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (aEPEC). The majority of E. coli OH2 identified from cases of human disease are caused by the VTEC form.

If aEPEC strains frequently acquire verotoxin genes and become VTEC, they must be considered a. The morbidity and mortality associated with several recent large outbreaks of gastrointestinal disease caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) has highlighted the threat these organisms pose to public health (10, ).Such outbreaks have the potential to overwhelm acute-care resources, even in countries with advanced health care systems.

In book: Recent advances in Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli infections, Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing, New York, New York, Editors: MA Karmali, AG Goglio, pp Cite this.

The purpose of this review is to draw together recent advances in the pathogenesis of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) induced by verocytotoxin, including information from the successful Third International Symposium on Verocytotoxin Producing Escherichia coli, “VTEC’97”, in Baltimore.

However, the highly publicised outbreaks of verocytotoxin producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) infection. Garcia M-I, Le Bougutnec C. Enteric infections due to Escherichia coli. Clin Microbiol Infect ; 4: 2.

O’Brien AD, Karmali MA, Scotland SM. A proposal for rationalizing the nomenclature of the Escherichia coli cytotoxins. In Karmali MA, Goglio AG, eds. Recent advances in verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli mfections. Pathogenic Escherichia coli are known to be a common cause of diarrheal disease and a frequently occurring bacterial infection in children and adults in Latin America.

Despite the effort to combat diarrheal infections, the south of the American continent remains a hot spot for infections and sequelae associated with the acquisition of one category of pathogenic E.

coli, the Shiga toxin. Infections of the reproductive tract represent nearly 15% of male infertility cases. The most frequently isolated bacterium in the ejaculate of infertile men is Escherichia coli (E.

coli), which causes between 60 and 85% of cases of chronic bacterial prostatitis leading to sperm damage. The aim of this chapter is to discuss the negative effects of E. coli on sperm quality and male fertility. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are a subset of Shiga toxin–producing E.

coli (STEC) that cause diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis; illness can progress to hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in 5%–10% of cases (1,2).HUS is the most frequent etiology of pediatric acute renal failure, and its lethality is 3%–5% worldwide (1,3) and 1% in France ().

Griffin PM, Bell BP, Cieslak PR, et al. Large outbreak of Escherichia coli OH7 infections in the western United States: the big picture. In: Karmali MA, Goglio AG, eds.

Recent advances in verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli infections. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B.V., ; Miller LG, Kaspar CW. Karmali MA, Goglio AG (Eds.), Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli Infections: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium and Workshop on Verocytotoxin (Shiga-Like Toxin)-Producing Escherichia coli Infections, Bergamo, Italy June 27–30,Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam (), pp.

Verotoxin-producing “Escherichia coli” infection in household contacts of children with the hemolytic-uremic syndrome.

In: Recent Advances in Verocytotoxin-Producing “Escherichia coli” Infections. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the commonest human bacterial infections and are responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality, resulting in increased healthcare costs.

Most UTIs are caused by specialized Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains referred to as uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC). UPEC possess a variety of virulence factors (VFs), which the organism uses to attach, invade, and.